Surgical Methods for Weight Loss

Surgical Methods for Weight Loss

 

Obesity accounts for the main health issues in the United States. Almost one-third of the total population is considered obese. Obesity also brings with itself diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease and high blood pressure.

Although numerous methods have been devised to overcome this problem, however, in dire circumstances, very obese people use surgical weight reduction measures. To treat long term severe obesity, these methods have become very successful as well as effective.

There are mainly two types of surgical measures, the gastric bypass and gartric banding. 

What is bariatric surgery?

First of all, it's not a quick fix, it’s not a magic pill, it's not for cosmetic purposes, and it's certainly not for everyone. It's a serious stuff both physically and emotionally. It helps in weight reduction for individuals who have extremely obese bodies. A person with body mass index above 40, and who fails to lose weight with diet or the exercise is generally referred for bariatric surgery. Diroo

There are different types of weight loss surgery. They often limit the amount of food you can take in. Some types of surgery also affect how you digest food and absorb nutrients.

 

There are mainly two weight loss surgeries:

(a) Gastric Bypass: 

This surgery helps you to lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat. The food you eat will no longer go into some parts of your stomach and small intestine that breaks down food. Because of this, your body will not absorb all of the calories from the food you eat. Gastric bypass surgery makes the stomach smaller after the surgery; you will feel full with less food.

(b) Gartric Banding:

Unlike bypass, though, banding does not interfere with food absorption in the small intestine. Gastric banding surgery reduces the size of the stomach by using restrictive devices called as lap bands to create small pouch.

 

The risk and side effects

The most common side effect of gastric banding is vomiting. Complications with the band aren't uncommon as well. It might slip out of place, or become too loose, or leak. "Dumping Syndrome" is another common problem that happens mainly with gastric bypass surgery. This is when food moves too quickly through the stomach and intestines, causing nausea, weakness, sweating, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea. Because dumping can be made worse by eating high-sugar or high-fat foods, it becomes a common occurrence. Reaction of anesthesia is also commonplace. Sometimes, further surgeries are necessary. As with any surgery, infection is always a risk. Although unlikely, some complications can be life-threatening. A very important side effect is the emotional upheaval. For some people they might find hard to figure out a new, healthy relationship with food, especially if they've relied on food for comfort in the past.