By shaambhavi Health Monitors
Precautions to Take for Controlling Diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder can affect people of all age groups. The main culprit behind this disorder is a disturbed lifestyle which has erratic schedules and improper eating habits. Diabetes is referred as a metabolism disorder. Known scientifically as Diabetes Mellitus, in this disorder, a person’s blood glucose increases either because insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin. Sometimes, it is the condition where body suffers both ways.
Diabetic patients experience:
- Polyuria (frequent urination),
- Polydipsia (thirsty), and;
- Polyphagia (hungry).
There are three types of diabetes:
- Type 1
In this type, the body does not produce insulin. It is also known as the early-onset, insulin dependent or juvenile diabetes. This type is usually developed in people before their 40th year or in their early childhood or teenage.
- Type 2
In this type, the body does not produce insulin for proper functioning, or the body cells do not react to insulin. Obese people are more prone to this type of diabetes. This type is found commonly in geriatric people.
- Type 3
Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. As women have a higher level of glucose, some of the individuals are unable to produce insulin which is enough to transport glucose to the body cells, which results into progressive rise in glucose levels. This type of diabetes in the females occurs mostly during pregnancy.
Diabetes of all types is treatable.
It is not difficult to cure diabetes. Type one diabetes is not curable unfortunately. Type 2 diabetes also lasts for lifetime but it is treatable in many ways. Reducing weight and surgery of gastric bypass helps. The Gestational Diabetes is curable through proper exercise and proper diet. Some conditions which turn into more serious cases may need medication. If this is not controlled or diagnosed, complications may arise during childbirth.
Now let’s discuss some of the precautions to be taken during diabetes:
1. Losing weight: Individuals with heavy weight have more chances of diabetes. Therefore controlling weight is important. A woman with a 35 inch waist is at risk. A man with waist 40 inch or more is at risk.
2. Proper meals: Eating too much at same time is risky. So splitting your meals six times a day into controlled quantities will surely reduce weight and help cure diabetes. Never miss breakfast and avoid long gaps between meals. Overeating is not good for the diabetic patients. Eating in a controlled way will help you out maintain blood sugar levels and stop them from fluctuating. Calorie intake should be checked in meals.
3. Proper work outs and exercise:
a. To control weight the proper physical workout is required.
b. A walk after the meals is also recommended.
c. Cycling, swimming, yoga, house work and other activities turn into effective workout alternatives.
d. Exercise after the insulin injection should be avoided.
e. Timings of exercise should be fixed.
f. Avoid exercising directly before and after meals.
g. Level of blood glucose should be checked before and after exercise.
h. Heavy exercises should be avoided.
i. All proper precautions should be taken while exercising.
4. Medication: The medicine should be taken as prescribed by the physician.
5. Meat and fried food should be avoided: Sweets and fats should be limited as they can increase glucose levels. Rather, the intake of green vegetables fruits, salads and light food must be chosen. Meat and fast food should be avoided as it increases the blood glucose level in individual’s body.
6. Avoid smoking and alcohol: An individual must avoid the consumption of alcohol and stop smoking.
7. Avoid salt and sugar: Reduce the consumption of direct sugar and salt, instead take natural salt from vegetables. Try avoiding sugar and its by-products and try replacing sugar with honey, natural sugar and jaggary.
8. Enough fluids must be taken: Drink lots of water which will keep the body hydrated and will help in flushing out the toxins from the body. Raw onion should be taken on regular basis.
9. Eat fish: Fish is the best meat as it has abundant quantity of protective fats, cholesterol and productive fats. An individual should have two to three times a week.
10. Dairy products should be avoided, instead try green tea.