By shaambhavi Nutrition & Wellness
How to Cope Up With Flu
The worst time period during the whole year is when there is weather transition. Take a change between summers and winters for instance. You feel warm while you have sweaters on, to the extent that you take them off and once you are sans pullovers, you feel cold. Kids are more prone to falling ill as they are so fickle minded and restless. Most times, even adults fall ill due to improper care. Flu is the most common illness everybody comes up with. It seems like it is the end of time and there is no more life left. However, there are a few solutions you can take to prevent your family and you from coming down with this dreadful illness.
What is flu?
Influenza, or commonly known flu, is a respiratory illness that is caused by virus. It is highly contagious and is usually spread by the coughs and sneezes of a person who is infected.
There are a number of different types of influenza. These are:
· Influenza Type A is divided into subtypes H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 viruses which can be found worldwide.
· Influenza Type B is usually milder than Type A but its outbreaks can also cause epidemics.
· Influenza Type C generally causes only mild respiratory infections and is not thought to cause a large epidemic.
Common symptoms of flu
There's a lot of confusion between cold and flu. They are definitely different, but have some common symptoms. Influenza and Common Cold are both caused by a virus, and in both cases, a person can take up to a week or two to fully recover. Flu spreads from person to person very easily and quickly. Physical condition such as 100oF or higher level fever or a feeling of being feverish, nasal congestion, coughing, headache, sore throat, body ache, body chill, dizziness, lack of energy, nausea and vomiting are some of the recurring symptoms of flu. Longer durations of flu can also lead to breathing problems, asthma and long term illness.
Prevention and control
While the illness is contagious, there are certain steps that you can take to prevent flu.
Some of these are:
(A) Take Some Rest
Since the disease is contagious, try to stay away from other healthy people. You may end up infecting them as well. Create a sick room, and take some good rest. Keep the room clean and disinfected. The sick person should not have visitors other than the caretaker. If possible, have only one adult in the home take care of the sick person.
(B) Ban antibiotics
Flu is caused by virus attack, so antibiotics won’t work effectively. Antibiotics work by targeting specific bacterial pathways which are completely different in case of a virus attack. Take some painkillers if you are experiencing physical pain, but make sure that you're not mixing these tablets with any other medicine you might be taking. Nasal sprays available are also effective against blocked nasal passages.
(C) Wash Hands
During flu season, everyone should wash their hands frequently to reduce the risk of transmitting germs to others. Wash your hands often with soap and water. Stay clean and healthy.
(D) Flu Vaccine
Vaccination is the best way to prevent flu. Get a flu shot each fall.
Types of vaccine
There are 2 types of flu vaccines:
1-The “flu shot” is an inactivated vaccine given with a needle, usually in the arm.
2-The nasal flu spray vaccine (also referred to as LAIV for “Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine”) is an attenuated (or weakened) vaccine taken via a spray in the nose.
A different flu vaccine must be taken every year because the strains of influenza viruses change annually.
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